Supermarine Spitfire

Designed by Richard Joseph Mitchell, based on his highly succesful Supermarine S.6B racing plane.

Originally designated the Supermarine Type 300 during design phases, R J Mitchell designed a fully metal, high performance fighter plane.

Utilising experimental developments such as thin elliptical wings and under-wing radiators, he was able to bring these technologies together for the first time in a single airframe.

Built for the Royal Air Force during World War 2. The spitfire is iconic and is a symbol of British defiance to the Germans during the war.

Crewed by pilots from the RAF, the commonwealth and nations occupied by the Third Reich - the Spitfire also became a symbol of freedom against oppression.

During the early stages of American involvement in the war, the USAAF units based in Britain were lacking a decent fighter that could compete with the Luftwaffa, so they used the Spitfire.

Power Plant:
Rolls Royce Merlin / Griffon
Operators: United Kingdom
Canada
United States
Variants:
Supermarine Spitfire
Supermarine Seafire (Marine)
Armament: 4 x Browning M1919 .303
4 x Hispano Suiza HS.404

The main rival of the Spitfire was probably the ME109 during the Battle of Britain and later operations in the war. Both were very capable aircraft and had comparable statistics. Ofcourse, during the Battle of Britain, the Spitfire had the home-field advantage.

In comparison to the Spitfire more ME109s were built. There were 33,984 ME109s to 20,351 Spitfires. This was probably due to the ME109 seeing a lot of action earlier in the war in France and a bit later in Russia.

Sources: Wikipedia Spitfire / Wikipedia ME109 / Source of YouTube video / Source of ME109 image

Article by J.Tesh using the above references for information.